As temperatures remain cold and winter hazards increase everyone needs to
exercise caution when working outside in the cold and snow.
• Use walkways that are cleared of ice and snow; if not sprinkle sand or de-icing
materials to assist with traction while walking.
• Use clearly marked and well lit walkways and passageways. Always make sure
to have a working flashlight in case the area is not well lit.
• Take slow, small steps to walk safely on slippery surfaces. Walk like a penguin
with arms extended out and feet pointed slightly outward.
• Avoid carrying heavy loads by yourself that may offset your balance. Always
ask for assistance and use a mechanical aid when available.
• Clearly mark or barricade hazardous areas and report them to a supervisor or
a contact at a receiver/shipper facility.
• Take extra precaution when entering and exiting vehicles. Always use three
points of contact.
• Dress properly, including three layers of loose-fitting clothing for better
insulation; a hat or hood; liner under a hard hat; knit face mask; insulated
gloves; and insulated, waterproof boots.
• Take frequent short breaks in warm dry shelters to allow yourself to warm up.
• Try to schedule work for the warmest part of the day.
• Use the buddy system when working outside; work in pairs so that one worker
can recognize danger signs.
• Stay hydrated by drinking warm liquids; avoid caffeine.
• Avoid exhaustion or fatigue; energy is needed to keep muscles warm.
• Eat warm, high-calorie foods.
• When planning to travel check the weather forecast and road conditions.
• Always give yourself extra time when traveling in winter weather.
• Reduce your speed, increase following distance and always make sure you have an out.
• Carry an emergency kit in case you get stranded.


Questions (True or False):
1. Do not walk like a penguin on slippery surfaces. ___
2. When carrying a heavy object use a mechanical aid or get assistance. ___
3. You should always use well lit and cleared walkways when they are available. ___